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When the 2009 Mazda CX-7 hits European dealerships this year, the SUV will carry the first production urea selective catalytic reduction (SCR) system from a Japanese automaker. Mated with the automaker's MZR-CD 2.2L turbo diesel engine, the SCR will inject a small mist of aqueous urea directly into the exhaust system. A chemical reaction then takes place that creates ammonia and reduces the presence of nitrous oxides, which is one area that diesel engines trail their gasoline burning siblings.
There are other ways to reduce the nitrous oxide emissions of a diesel engine, but some of them require small amounts of fuel to be burned, thereby reducing fuel mileage. With a urea-based exhaust scrubbing system, fuel mileage is not impacted in the process of reducing emissions, but a separate tank of urea solution must be lugged around and kept full for the system to function. See the full press release from Mazda after the break.
Mazda, the First Japanese Automaker to Develop a Urea SCR System for Cars
HIROSHIMA, JAPAN – March 16, 2009: Mazda Motor Corporation's sporty SUV, the Mazda CX-7, will be the first passenger vehicle produced by a Japanese automaker to be equipped with a urea selective catalytic reduction (SCR) system. Mazda's SCR is smaller than previous systems, which is a significant improvement that enables it to be installed in passenger cars. It will be combined with Mazda's newly developed clean, highly efficient MZR-CD 2.2L turbo diesel engine.
Planned for introduction in 2009, together with the new facelifted Mazda CX-7, Mazda's SCR system will purify the nitrous oxides (NOx) that are generated in diesel exhaust gases. This will be a welcome addition to the Mazda CX-7's new diesel engine, which provides better fuel economy and lower CO2 emissions than equivalent gasoline powerplants.
Urea SCR systems spray aqueous urea directly into the exhaust gas flow where it purifies NOx through a chemical reaction. Unlike technologies that use extra fuel to burn off NOx, this method minimally affects fuel economy and power output. However, because an aqueous urea storage tank and other specialist equipment are required, space limitations in passenger vehicles have restricted the use of SCR systems to trucks and buses. This is not the case with Mazda's SCR system.
Mazda's MZR-CD 2.2L turbo diesel engine actually produces low volumes of NOx, which means that the SCR system needs to remove less NOx in post processing, resulting in a reduced amount of urea used. This means a smaller tank is required, allowing it to be comfortably installed in the Mazda CX-7.
As well as complying with Europe's most stringent (Euro V) emissions regulations, the freshened CX-7 will provide plenty of Zoom-Zoom, perfectly balanced with eco-friendly performance.