It may not be an electric-vehicle junkie's version of "War and Peace," but it's pretty close.

The American National Standards Institute (ANSI), which last year formed its Electric Vehicles Standards Panel (EVSP) to accelerate electric-vehicle component standardization, last week released the first version of its "standardization roadmap" about four months after its initial deadline.

And we think we know what took so long. The roadmap, which ANSI said last year would cover everything from charging standards to safety requirements to power-rating methods to battery-recycling procedures, is 122 pages long. The documents, which includes contributions from Con Edison, General Electric, General Motors, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), can be downloaded here.

ANSI, which formed the EVSP last May to help the collaboration between automakers, governments, utilities and other public and private entities to better enable EV expansion throughout the U.S., is looking to help ease what is expected to be a mass deployment of plug-in vehicles while ensuring a compatible and effective infrastructure is compatible and effective. ANSI said last May that its goal was to finalize the roadmap's first version by the end of 2011.

EV proponents are hoping such standardization quickens the adoption of plug-in vehicles as the U.S. looks to cut its dependence on foreign oil and reduce its vehicles' greenhouse-gas emissions. Plug-in vehicles such as the Nissan Leaf battery-electric and the Chevrolet Volt extended-range plug-in accounted for about one in 700 new cars sold, though that number is expected to jump during the next few years. Last year, green-technology research firm Pike Research forecast that the U.S. would account for about 300,000 plug-ins sold in 2015, while Michigan's Center for Automotive Research estimated that U.S. electric-drive vehicle sales will hit about 140,000 units in 2014. President Obama has said repeatedly that he hopes there would be a million plug-ins on the road by 2015.
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Standardization Roadmap for U.S. Electric Vehicle Deployment Released

ANSI Electric Vehicles Standards Panel Facilitates the Safe, Mass Rollout of EVs and Charging Infrastructure to Help Enable EV Penetration of the Consumer Market

NEW YORK, April 23, 2012 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) announced today the release of a Standardization Roadmap for Electric Vehicles – Version 1.0, developed by the Institute's Electric Vehicles Standards Panel (EVSP). The Standardization Roadmap assesses the standards, codes, and regulations, as well as conformance and training programs, needed to facilitate the safe, mass deployment of electric vehicles and charging infrastructure in the United States.

"The roadmap delivers on its promise to pave a smoother road to the large-scale rollout of electric vehicle technology. And from the economic and environmental points of view, the timing couldn't be better," said Jim Matthews, EVSP co-chair and director of technical standards and standards policy at Corning Incorporated. "EVs offer the potential to significantly reduce our nation's dependence on imported oil, create well-paying jobs through the establishment of a broad, domestic EV industry, and reduce on‐road vehicular emissions."

Developed by interests in the automotive, electrotechnical, and utilities industries, as well as from standards developing organizations (SDOs) and government, the Standardization Roadmap is intended to:
  • Facilitate the development of a comprehensive, robust, and streamlined standards and conformance landscape for electric vehicles; and
  • Maximize the coordination and harmonization of the standards and conformance environment domestically and with international partners.
Available for free download, the Standardization Roadmap focuses on plug-in electric vehicles – both full battery electric and plug-in hybrids – and the charging infrastructure needed to support them given current range limitations of plug-in EVs on battery power alone. Standardization issues that relate to consumer adoption, including EV safety, affordability, interoperability, performance, and environmental impact, are considered. Support services, including training of emergency first responders, vehicle technicians, electrical installers, and inspectors, as well as education of authorities having jurisdiction, building owners, and consumers, are also addressed.

Targeted toward a broad audience of stakeholders, the Standardization Roadmap identifies standards, codes, and regulations that already exist or that are in development, as well as gaps where new or revised standards are needed, along with related conformance and training programs that respond to those needs. Included are recommendations with prioritized timelines for when standardization should occur, as well as the identification of appropriate SDOs that may be able to do the work. Harmonization efforts already underway or that may be desirable are also discussed.

The Standardization Roadmap is supplemented by the ANSI EVSP Roadmap Standards Compendium, a searchable spreadsheet which inventories standards that are directly or peripherally related to each issue identified in the roadmap, while also identifying related issues to which the standards potentially apply.

"The release of the Standardization Roadmap for Electric Vehicles – Version 1.0 is a critical step forward in facilitating mass EV deployment in the U.S.," said S. Joe Bhatia, ANSI president and CEO. "This effort relied upon the collaborative work of experts from the public and private sectors and across industries, all focused on the common priority of enabling the EV market to expand and thrive."

Work to develop the Standardization Roadmap began in June 2011 and eventually involved representatives from some 80 leading organizations. The majority of work was carried out electronically via seven working groups focused on energy storage systems, vehicle components, the vehicle-user interface, charging systems, communications, infrastructure installation, and education and training. Two plenary meetings were held to identify issues and refine an initial draft of the roadmap in a face-to-face setting.

Given the dynamic nature of standardization, and as the ANSI EVSP continues to assess the progress of standards and conformance programs and any gaps requiring further discussion, it is envisioned that the Standardization Roadmap will be periodically updated going forward. In this way, it will continue to serve as a living document to help guide, coordinate, and enhance the standards landscape in support of the widespread deployment of EVs and charging infrastructure.

Comments on the content of the roadmap and on next steps for the EVSP can be submitted to evsp@ansi.org, or via a brief online survey.

"All of us stand to gain when we work cooperatively to carve out a vision for EV technology in a way that is effective, efficient, and economically beneficial for U.S. industry and safe and effective for consumers," added Jim Pauley, EVSP co-chair and senior vice president of external affairs and government relations at Schneider Electric. "Version 1.0 of the roadmap does just that, but an ever-evolving technology needs an ever-evolving and coordinated approach. We are excited to continue this important work, and I would encourage anyone who downloads and reads the document to give ANSI their comments and feedback."

About EVSP
The ANSI Electric Vehicles Standards Panel (EVSP) is a cross-sector coordinating body whose objective is to foster coordination and collaboration on standardization matters among public and private sector stakeholders to enable the safe, mass deployment of electric vehicles and associated infrastructure in the United States with international coordination, adaptability, and engagement. For more information on the work of the EVSP, visit www.ansi.org/evsp.

About ANSI
The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) is a private non-profit organization whose mission is to enhance U.S. global competitiveness and the American quality of life by promoting, facilitating, and safeguarding the integrity of the voluntary standardization and conformity assessment system. Its membership is comprised of businesses, professional societies and trade associations, standards developers, government agencies, and consumer and labor organizations. The Institute represents the diverse interests of more than 125,000 companies and organizations and 3.5 million professionals worldwide.

The Institute is the official U.S. representative to the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and, via the U.S. National Committee, the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC).